Neuromuscular electrical stimulation exercise: a potential alternative to conventional exercise in the management of type 2 diabetes

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Show simple item record Giggins, Oonagh M. Crowe, Louis Coughlan, Garrett Caulfield, Brian 2018-01-11T15:21:15Z 2018-01-11T15:21:15Z 2017
dc.identifier.citation The British Journal of Diabetes en
dc.description.abstract Aims: Exercise is fundamental in the prevention and treatmentof type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, many individualsface barriers to exercise. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation(NMES) is an alternative to conventional exercise that mayprove beneficial in the treatment of T2D. The aim of thisstudy was to investigate the effects of an 8-week NMESexercise programme in a T2D population.Methods: A repeated measures one-group cohort interventionstudy was conducted. Thirteen T2D participants (age 52.06.9years, height 1.790.06 m, weight 104.511.9 kg, BMI 32.84.3kg/m2) underwent an 8-week NMES intervention. Venousblood markers, body composition, blood pressure, quadricepsstrength and predicted maximal oxygen consumption wereassessed at baseline and after the 8-week intervention.Results: Significant improvements in fasting plasma glucose,percentage body fat and peak isometric quadriceps torquewere noted following the intervention (p<0.05).Conclusions: The principal findings of this study were thatNMES can improve body composition, muscle strength andglycaemic control in T2D participants. NMES may thereforeprovide an alternative to those individuals with T2D whohave barriers to exercise participation. Further randomisedcontrolled trials with larger participant numbers are requiredto investigate this further. en
dc.description.sponsorship Enterprise Ireland en
dc.description.sponsorship Science Foundation Ireland en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher ABCD (Diabetes Care) en
dc.subject Neuromuscular electrical stimulation en
dc.subject Exercise en
dc.subject Type 2 diabetes en
dc.subject Glycaemic control en
dc.title Neuromuscular electrical stimulation exercise: a potential alternative to conventional exercise in the management of type 2 diabetes en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.volume 17 en
dc.identifier.issue 2 en
dc.identifier.startpage 46 en
dc.identifier.endpage 51 en
dc.identifier.doi 10.15277/bjd.2017.127
dc.neeo.contributor Giggins|Oonagh M.|aut|
dc.neeo.contributor Crowe|Louis|aut|
dc.neeo.contributor Coughlan|Garrett|aut|
dc.neeo.contributor Caulfield|Brian|aut|
dc.description.othersponsorship Bio-Medical Research Ltd. en 2017-08-04T07:53:30Z

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