Down the (White) Rabbit Hole: The Extreme Right and Online Recommender Systems

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dc.contributor.author O'Callaghan, Derek
dc.contributor.author Greene, Derek
dc.contributor.author Conway, Maura
dc.contributor.author Carthy, Joe
dc.contributor.author Cunningham, Pádraig
dc.date.accessioned 2017-04-19T14:42:58Z
dc.date.available 2017-04-19T14:42:58Z
dc.date.copyright 2014 the Authors en
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.citation Social Science Computer Review en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10197/8439
dc.description.abstract In addition to hosting user-generated video content, YouTube provides recommendation services,where sets of related and recommended videos are presented to users, based on factors such as covisitation count and prior viewing history. This article is specifically concerned with extreme right(ER) video content, portions of which contravene hate laws and are thus illegal in certain countries,which are recommended by YouTube to some users. We develop a categorization of this content based on various schema found in a selection of academic literature on the ER, which is then used to demonstrate the political articulations of YouTubes recommender system, particularly the narrowing of the range of content to which users are exposed and the potential impacts of this. For this purpose, we use two data sets of English and German language ER YouTube channels, along with channels suggested by YouTubes related video service. A process is observable whereby users accessing an ER YouTube video are likely to be recommended further ER content, leading to immersion in an ideological bubble in just a few short clicks. The evidence presented in this article supportsa shift of the almost exclusive focus on users as content creators and protagonists in extremist cyberspaces to also consider online platform providers as important actors in these same spaces. en
dc.description.sponsorship Science Foundation Ireland en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Sage Publications en
dc.subject Recommender systems en
dc.subject Extreme right en
dc.subject Categorization en
dc.subject Recommender systems en
dc.subject Topic modeling en
dc.subject YouTube en
dc.title Down the (White) Rabbit Hole: The Extreme Right and Online Recommender Systems en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.volume 33 en
dc.identifier.issue 4 en
dc.identifier.startpage 459 en
dc.identifier.endpage 478 en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1177/0894439314555329
dc.neeo.contributor O'Callaghan|Derek|aut|
dc.neeo.contributor Greene|Derek|aut|
dc.neeo.contributor Conway|Maura|aut|
dc.neeo.contributor Carthy|Joe|aut|
dc.neeo.contributor Cunningham|Pádraig|aut|
dc.description.othersponsorship 2CENTRE en
dc.description.othersponsorship EU funded Cybercrime Centres of Excellence Network en
dc.description.othersponsorship EU funded VOX-Pol Network of Excellence en
dc.date.updated 2015-05-27T14:59:12Z


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