The perception and attitude of business to the environmental tax reform : an Irish case-study

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dc.contributor.author Dunne, Louise
dc.contributor.author Clinch, J. Peter
dc.date.accessioned 2009-01-21T16:50:29Z
dc.date.available 2009-01-21T16:50:29Z
dc.date.issued 2003
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10197/817
dc.description Paper published in the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Ethics and Environmental Policies : Business Styles And Sustainable Development, Kiev, April 2 - 6, 2003 en
dc.description.abstract Despite the fact that environmental taxes and Environmental Tax Reform (ETR) are accepted to be policies with desirable environmental and other economic effects, their implementation has been patchy. The most common definition of Environmental Tax Reform (ETR) is the use of the revenue from environmental taxes to reduce distortionary labour taxes. Although the EU, OECD and academic economic literature may be strongly in favour of environmental taxation as a fiscal policy, and politicians may be intellectually convinced of its merits, there have been very few research efforts devoted to understanding the roles and priorities of the public, policy-makers, businesses and other stakeholders. This paper explores the perceptions and attitudes of business to ETR and, more specifically, to energy taxation. It reviews the various policy instruments and instrument mix options to reduce carbon ant other emissions. In addition, as it is an important determinant of attitudes to ETR, the attitude of business to the environment generally is examined. The principal methodology is a case study of key businesses in Ireland. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with representatives of the firms at their place of employment. While not necessarily representative of all firms, the results show that, for the firms examined, while they all have internal energy policies, these are driven by financial rather than environmental motivations or the existing policy mix. However, some firms did experience a financial saving directly as a result of compliance with EMAS and integrated pollution control regulation. In addition, most of the environmental awareness of companies comes from compliance with EPA regulations. Raising awareness of environmental issues and problems is generally considered to be a prerequisite of changes or improvements in environmental practice and performance and willingness to accept environmental economic instruments such as taxes and charges. Perhaps surprisingly, companies were relatively more enthusiastic about energy taxes if , rather than recycling to reducing labour, the revenues were used to promote energy efficiency, subsidies for renewable energy and environmental education. However, this result is consistent with the attitudes of the general public. en
dc.description.uri Conference details en
dc.description.uri http://www.fondazionelanza.it/epa/proceedings.htm en
dc.format.extent 4304 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Fondazione Lanza en
dc.subject.lcsh Environmental impact charges--Economic aspects en
dc.subject.lcsh Energy tax en
dc.subject.lcsh Executives--Attitudes en
dc.title The perception and attitude of business to the environmental tax reform : an Irish case-study en
dc.type Conference Publication en
dc.internal.authorurl Louise Dunne (web page) en
dc.internal.authorurl http://www.ucd.ie/research/people/geogplanningenvpolicy/drlouiseannedunne/ en
dc.internal.authorurl J. Peter Clinch (web page) en
dc.internal.authorurl http://www.ucd.ie/research/people/geogplanningenvpolicy/professorpeterclinch/ en
dc.internal.authorid UCD0033 en
dc.internal.authorid UCD0035 en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.internal.webversions Publisher's version en
dc.internal.webversions http://www.fondazionelanza.it/epa/abstract/dunne_full.pdf en
dc.status Peer reviewed en
dc.neeo.contributor Clinch|J. Peter|aut|UCD0035
dc.neeo.contributor Dunne|Louise|aut|UCD0033


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