Three-dimensional spatial information systems : state of the art review

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dc.contributor.author Schön, Bianca
dc.contributor.author Laefer, Debra F.
dc.contributor.author Bertolotto, Michela
dc.contributor.author Morrish, Sean
dc.date.accessioned 2011-12-20T12:46:09Z
dc.date.available 2011-12-20T12:46:09Z
dc.date.copyright 2009 Bentham Science Publishers Ltd en
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.citation Recent Patents in Computer Science en
dc.identifier.issn 1874-4796
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10197/3407
dc.description.abstract A spatial information system (SIS) is critical to the hosting, querying, and analyzing of spatial data sets. The increasing availability of three-dimensional (3D) data (e.g. from aerial and terrestrial laser scanning) and the desire to use such data in large geo-spatial platforms have been dual drivers in the evolution of integrated SISs. Within this context, recent patents demonstrate efforts to handle large data sets, especially complex point clouds. While the development of feature-rich geo-systems has been well documented, the implementation of support for 3D capabilities is only now being addressed. This paper documents the underlying technologies implemented for the support for 3D features in SISs. Examples include ESRI’s ArcGIS geo-database with its support for two-and-a-half dimensions (2.5D) in its Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and Triangular Irregular Network (TIN), the more recent development of the Terrain feature class, and support for 3D objects and buildings with its multi-patch feature class. Recent patents and research advances aim to extract DEMs and TINs automatically from point cloud data. In this context, various data structuring innovations are presented including both commercial and open source alternatives. en
dc.description.sponsorship Science Foundation Ireland en
dc.format.extent 3908682 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Bentham Science Publishers en
dc.relation.requires Critical Infrastructure Group Research Collection en
dc.subject Spatial database management system en
dc.subject 3D spatial data support en
dc.subject GIS en
dc.subject.lcsh Spatial data infrastructures en
dc.subject.lcsh Geographic information systems--Data processing en
dc.subject.lcsh Three-dimensional imaging en
dc.title Three-dimensional spatial information systems : state of the art review en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.internal.webversions Publisher's version en
dc.internal.webversions http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1874479610902010021 en
dc.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.volume 2 en
dc.identifier.issue 1 en
dc.identifier.startpage 21 en
dc.identifier.endpage 31 en
dc.identifier.doi 10.2174/1874479610902010021
dc.neeo.contributor Schön|Bianca|aut| en
dc.neeo.contributor Laefer|Debra F.|aut| en
dc.neeo.contributor Bertolotto|Michela|aut| en
dc.neeo.contributor Morrish|Sean|aut| en
dc.description.othersponsorship National Digital Research Centre en
dc.description.admin ti - kpw2/12/11 en


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