Application of a novel microwave plasma treatment for the sintering of nickel oxide coatings for use in dye-sensitized solar cells

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dc.contributor.author Awais, Muhammad
dc.contributor.author Rahman, Mahfujur
dc.contributor.author MacElroy, J. M. Don
dc.contributor.author Dini, Danilo
dc.contributor.author Vos, Johannes G.
dc.contributor.author Dowling, Denis P.
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-19T15:03:21Z
dc.date.available 2011-01-19T15:03:21Z
dc.date.copyright 2011, Elsevier B.V. en
dc.date.issued 2011-07-25
dc.identifier.citation Surface and Coatings Technology en
dc.identifier.issn 0257-8972
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10197/2730
dc.description.abstract In this study the use of microwave plasma sintering of nickel oxide (NiOx) particles for use as p-type photoelectrode coatings in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) is investigated. NiOx was chosen as the photocathode for this application due to its stability, wide band gap and p-type nature. For high light conversion efficiency DSSCs require a mesoporous structure exhibiting a high surface area. This can be achieved by sintering particles of NiOx onto a conductive substrate. In this study the use of both 2.45 GHz microwave plasma and conventional furnace sintering were compared for the sintering of the NiOx particles. Coatings 1 to 2.5 μm thick were obtained from the sintered particles (mean particle size of 50 nm) on 3 mm thick fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) coated glass substrates. Both the furnace and microwave plasma sintering treatments were carried out at ~ 450 °C over a 5 minute period. Dye sensitization was carried out using Erythrosin B and the UV-vis absorption spectra of the NiOx coatings were compared. A 44% increase in the level of dye adsorption was obtained for the microwave plasma sintered samples as compared to that obtained through furnace treatments. While the photovoltaic performance of the DSSC fabricated using the microwave plasma treated NiOx coatings exhibited a tenfold increase in the conversion efficiency in comparison to the furnace treated samples. This enhanced performance was associated with the difference in the mesoporous structure of the sintered NiOx coatings. en
dc.description.sponsorship Science Foundation Ireland en
dc.format.extent 572465 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Elsevier en
dc.relation.requires Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering Research Collection en
dc.relation.requires Electrical, Electronic & Mechanical Engineering Research Collection en
dc.subject Dye-sensitized solar cells en
dc.subject Nickel oxide en
dc.subject Nanoparticles en
dc.subject Microwave plasma sintering en
dc.subject Dye sensitisation en
dc.subject.lcsh Dye-sensitized solar cells en
dc.subject.lcsh Nickel compounds en
dc.subject.lcsh Nanoparticles en
dc.subject.lcsh Microwave plasmas en
dc.subject.lcsh Sintering en
dc.title Application of a novel microwave plasma treatment for the sintering of nickel oxide coatings for use in dye-sensitized solar cells en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.internal.webversions Publisher's version en
dc.internal.webversions http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2011.01.020 en
dc.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.volume 205 en
dc.identifier.issue Supplement 2 en
dc.identifier.startpage S245 en
dc.identifier.endpage S249 en
dc.citation.other PSE 2010 Special Issue, Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plasma Surface Engineering en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2011.01.020
dc.neeo.contributor Awais|Muhammad|aut| en
dc.neeo.contributor Rahman|Mahfujur|aut| en
dc.neeo.contributor MacElroy|J. M. Don|aut| en
dc.neeo.contributor Dini|Danilo|aut| en
dc.neeo.contributor Vos|Johannes G.|aut| en
dc.neeo.contributor Dowling|Denis P.|aut| en
dc.description.admin In press - AV 18-01-11 en


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