Domain size as a parameter for studying the potential alkali-silica reactivity of chert-bearing aggregates

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dc.contributor.author McNally, Ciaran
dc.contributor.author Richardson, Mark G.
dc.contributor.author Carr, A. J. (Alun J.)
dc.contributor.author Strogen, Peter
dc.date.accessioned 2010-08-25T16:32:51Z
dc.date.available 2010-08-25T16:32:51Z
dc.date.copyright Thomas Telford Publishing en
dc.date.issued 2004-05
dc.identifier.citation Magazine of Concrete Research en
dc.identifier.issn 0024-9831
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10197/2434
dc.description.abstract The presence of chert or flint in aggregates used for concrete manufacture has long been a source of concern in the context of alkali-silica reactivity. The global in-service performance of chert and flint-bearing aggregates, however, varies from innocuous to deleterious. This could be due to variations in the degree of crystallinity of the silica, which influences potential reactivity. Chert occurs in significant Irish sources of aggregate used for concrete, yet no cases of deleterious expansion have been reported in the Republic of Ireland to date. Many of these sources fail to conclusively demonstrate innocuous behaviour in the laboratory expansion tests despite satisfactory in-service behaviour. A previous X-ray diffraction study, employing quartz crystallinity index, had indicated a significant difference between Irish Carboniferous cherts and English Cretaceous flints. This paper reports a further study of crystallinity, correlated with mortar bar expansion tests, but employing both quartz crystallinity index and domain size in the characterisation of crystallinity. The influence of chert content was also studied. Twenty-three Irish aggregate sources were sampled, and petrographic analysis revealed that 17 of these contained chert. Three flint-bearing aggregates, from sources in England that had demonstrated alkali-silica reactivity, were also sampled. Chert and flint were extracted from the aggregate samples by a petrographer experienced in the field of concrete technology. Twenty-six distinct samples were successfully extracted from 13 of the Irish and the three English sources. X-ray diffraction testing confirmed the previous findings (using the quartz crystallinity indices) that the Irish cherts are,more crystalline than the English flints. Domain size determination, however, showed that the difference in crystallinity of the national sets was less than that anticipated. The influence of chert content is advanced as a hypothesis to explain the apparent reactivity of Irish cherts in screening tests. The potential value of combining domain size and chert content determination in helping to classify aggregate reactivity is advanced for cases where in-service behaviour is in significant conflict with findings from standard laboratory tests. en
dc.description.sponsorship Other funder en
dc.format.extent 94954 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Institution of Civil Engineers en
dc.relation.requires Critical Infrastructure Group Research Collection en
dc.subject ASR en
dc.subject Chert en
dc.subject X-ray diffraction en
dc.subject Crystallinity en
dc.subject Domain size en
dc.subject.lcsh Chert--Testing en
dc.subject.lcsh X-rays--Diffraction en
dc.subject.lcsh Alkali-aggregate reactions en
dc.title Domain size as a parameter for studying the potential alkali-silica reactivity of chert-bearing aggregates en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.internal.webversions Publisher's version en
dc.internal.webversions http://www.icevirtuallibrary.com/content/article/10.1680/macr.2004.56.4.201 en
dc.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.volume 56 en
dc.identifier.issue 4 en
dc.identifier.startpage 201 en
dc.identifier.endpage 209 en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1680/macr.2004.56.4.201
dc.neeo.contributor McNally|Ciaran|aut| en
dc.neeo.contributor Richardson|Mark G.|aut| en
dc.neeo.contributor Carr|A. J. (Alun J.)|aut| en
dc.neeo.contributor Strogen|Peter|aut| en
dc.description.othersponsorship Irish Cement Ltd en
dc.description.admin "Full acknowledgement to source and publisher must be given. Please link to website: http://www.icevirtuallibrary.com/ ". Publiher version - http://www.icevirtuallibrary.com/content/article/10.1680/macr.2004.56.4.201. DG 29/07/10 au,ke.kpw25/8/10 en


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