Naturalistic monitoring of the affect-heart rate relationship : a day reconstruction study

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dc.contributor.author Daly, Michael
dc.contributor.author Delaney, Liam
dc.contributor.author Harmon, Colm
dc.contributor.author Doran, Peter
dc.contributor.author MacLachlan, Malcolm
dc.date.accessioned 2009-06-23T15:45:40Z
dc.date.available 2009-06-23T15:45:40Z
dc.date.copyright 2009 Geary Institute en
dc.date.issued 2009-01-02
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10197/1214
dc.description.abstract Objective: Prospective studies have linked both negative affective states and trait neuroticism with hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and mortality. However, identifying how fluctuations in cardiovascular activity in day-to-day settings are related to changes in affect and stable personality characteristics has remained a methodological and logistical challenge. Design: In the present study, we tested the association between affect, affect variability, personality and heart rate (HR) in daily life. Measures: We utilized an online day reconstruction survey to produce a continuous account of affect, interaction, and activity patterns during waking hours. Ambulatory HR was assessed during the same period. Consumption, activity, and baseline physiological characteristics were assessed in order to isolate the relationships between affect, personality and heart rate. Results: Negative affect and variability in positive affect predicted an elevated ambulatory HR and tiredness a lower HR. Emotional stability was inversely related to HR, whereas agreeableness predicted a higher HR. Baseline resting HR was unrelated to either affect or personality. Conclusion: The results suggest that both state and trait factors implicated in negative affectivity may be risk factors for increased cardiovascular reactivity in everyday life. Combining day reconstruction with psychophysiological and environmental monitoring is discussed as a minimally invasive method with promising interdisciplinary relevance. en
dc.format.extent 220136 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University College Dublin. Geary Institute en
dc.relation.ispartofseries UCD Geary Institute Discussion Paper Series en
dc.relation.ispartofseries WP/1/2009 en
dc.subject Heart rate en
dc.subject Negative affect en
dc.subject Affect variability en
dc.subject Big Five en
dc.subject Day Reconstruction Method en
dc.subject.lcsh Personality--Physiological aspects en
dc.subject.lcsh Heart--Psychophysiology en
dc.subject.lcsh Emotions--Physiological aspects en
dc.subject.lcsh Cardiovascular system--Psychophysiology en
dc.title Naturalistic monitoring of the affect-heart rate relationship : a day reconstruction study en
dc.type Working Paper en
dc.internal.authorurl Liam Delaney (web page) en
dc.internal.authorurl http://www.ucd.ie/research/people/gearyinstitute/mrliamdelaney/home/ en
dc.internal.authorurl Colm Harmon (web page) en
dc.internal.authorurl http://www.ucd.ie/research/people/gearyinstitute/professorcolmharmon/home/ en
dc.internal.authorid UCD0004 en
dc.internal.authorid UCD0009 en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.internal.webversions Publisher's version en
dc.internal.webversions http://geary.ucd.ie/images/Publications/WorkingPapers/gearywp200901.pdf en
dc.status Not peer reviewed en
dc.neeo.contributor Doran|Peter|aut|
dc.neeo.contributor Harmon|Colm|aut|UCD0009
dc.neeo.contributor MacLachlan|Malcolm|aut|
dc.neeo.contributor Daly|Michael|aut|
dc.neeo.contributor Delaney|Liam|aut|UCD0004


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